About Aadhar Card
Aadhaar is the world’s biggest biometric Identification system. Aadhaar is a 12 Digit Unique Identity Number that can be obtained by citizens of India, in view of their biometric and demographic data. The data is stored by the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI), a statutory authority set up in January 2009 by the Government of India, under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, following the arrangements of the Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial and other Subsidies, benefits and services). Aadhar Card launched on 28 January 2009.
Benifits of Aadhar Card
- Identity Card:
Aadhaar Card has become one of the most trusted and reliable identity card. It not only has the photograph of the card holder but also stored his biometric details like fingerprints and iris images. Aadhaar card also contains the QR code that can be scanned to verify whether the details mentioned in the card are correct or not. This makes Aadhaar Card all the more important identification proof.
- Government Subsidy:
The Indian Government has made it compulsory for Indian citizen to link their bank accounts with Aadhaar Card to avail subsidies under various schemes. In order to get the subsidy directly in the bank account for schemes such as Scholarships, LPG subsidy, Bhamashah benefits, Pahal, Atal Pension Yojna, Kerosene subsidy, school subsidy, food subsidies and others, people have to mandatorily furnish their Aadhaar Card.
- Proof of Residence:
Aadhar card contains the residential address of the card holder. It can thus be used as a proof of residence in almost all governmental as well as non-governmental verification processes. Aadhaar is also considered a valid proof of residence when applying for Home Loan, Personal Loan, Passport, Voter ID etc.
- Income Tax:
The Income Tax Department of India has made it compulsory for taxpayers to link Aadhaar to PAN. Aadhar would now mandatorily be required while paying income tax and filing income tax returns otherwise the ITR application of the taxpayer would not be processed.
- Bank Accounts:
Aadhaar Card has become a primary requirement for opening a bank account from some days. Most banks need only Aadhaar Card and PAN to open the bank account of the applicant. Jan Dhan accounts also need Aadhaar Card of the applicant.
- Gas Connection:
Indian Citizen have to provide their Aadhar Card for getting a new gas connection. In case they want to avail subsidy on their present gas connection, they will have to fill the KYC form and link Aadhar Card with their bank account to get subsidy directly in their account under the Pahal (DBTL) scheme.
- Phone Connection:
Almost all telecom companies provide phone connections after accepting Aadhar Card as the only proof. Once Aadhar Card is submitted, the connection gets fast activated. Also, existing customers have to link their mobile numbers with their Aadhar for re-verification.
Who can apply for Aadhar Card
Every Indian citizen can apply for Aadhar Card and get the Aadhar Number. The government has now made it mandatory for taxpayers to link their PAN with Aadhaar while filing their income tax returns.
- He or she is an Indian Citizen residing in India, or
- He or she is a non-resident Indian residing in India, or
- He or she is a foreigner residing in India.